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Environment and Energy


Site Waste Management Plans (SWMP)

  • All projects greater than £300,000 (excluding VAT) require a SWMP.
  • The SWMP shall cover all non-hazardous waste related to on-site construction and dedicated off-site manufacture or fabrication (including demolition and excavation waste) generated by the building’s design and construction.
  • The SWMP shall include the information as per the guidance below.
  • Quarterly waste figures shall be reported to the Sustainable Buildings Advisor, in addition to the requirements of the Sustainability Consultant for accreditation compliance.

Reporting for waste shall be provided on a quarterly basis as follows;

  • Q1: August – October,
  • Q2: November – January,
  • Q3: February – April,
  • Q4: May – July.

This shall be provided directly to the Sustainable Buildings Advisor at the end of each quarter.

A best practice SWMP includes commitments to;

·         Design out waste (materials optimisation),

·         Reduce waste generated on-site,

·         Develop and implement procedures to sort, reuse and recycle construction and demolition waste on-site and off-site,

·         Follow guidance from:

o   Defra (Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs),

o   BRE (Building Research Establishment Ltd),

o   WRAP (Waste and Resources Action Programme).

The SWMP shall include the following as a minimum;

  • A target benchmark for resource efficiency expressed in either or both of m3 of waste per 100m2 or tonnes of waste per 100m2
  • Procedures and commitments for minimising non-hazardous waste in line with the target benchmark,
  • Procedures for minimising hazardous waste,
  • A waste minimisation target and details of waste minimisation actions to be undertaken,
  • Procedures for estimating, monitoring, measuring and reporting hazardous and non-hazardous site waste,
  • Procedures for sorting, reusing and recycling construction waste into defined waste groups,
  • Procedures for reviewing and updating the plan,
  • The name or job title of the individual responsible for implementing the above.

The format for waste data to be provided to the Sustainable Buildings Advisor, at the defined reporting periods, shall be in the following format.

These shall be segregated by each individual European Waste Catalogue (EWC) code. 

                                                       Waste end process (tonnes or m3) please specify units within the cell

EWC code Waste Type Hazardous? (yes/no) Recycled Incinerated Composted Anaerobic digestion Landfill Energy recovery


(please specify)


Waste figures shall be;

  • Accurate and verifiable, e.g. using data from approved EA waste return forms,
  • Reported within the format as laid out in below guidance.

Demolition and strip-out

  • Where existing buildings on the site are to be demolished a pre-demolition audit of any existing buildings, structures or hard surfaces is completed to determine if, in the case of demolition, refurbishment/reuse is feasible and, if not, to maximise the recovery of material from demolition for subsequent high grade/value applications.
  • The audit must be referenced in the SWMP and cover:
    • Identification of the key refurbishment/demolition materials.
    • Potential applications and any related issues for the reuse and recycling of the key refurbishment and demolition materials in accordance with the waste hierarchy.

Diversion of waste from landfill and recycling

  • All projects shall achieve 100% diversion from landfill of non-hazardous construction, demolition and excavation waste.
  • All projects should recycle at least 95% of total waste produced as part of the project.

Actions to avoid waste being disposed of in landfill include:

  • Reusing the material on-site (in situ or for new applications),
  • Reusing the material on other sites,
  • Community reuse and recycling,
  • Salvaging or reclaiming the material for reuse,
  • Returning material to the supplier via a ‘take-back’ scheme,
  • Recovery of the material from site by an approved waste management contractor and recycled or sent for energy recovery.


Should project or other constraints prevent this from being achieved, a derogation shall be raised and the project team shall present at the PEM the approach adopted to achieve the requirement of zero waste to landfill.

Providing adequate justification for not reaching the target, the Project leader/ Sustainable Buildings Advisor may, at their discretion, reduce the target to exemplary level criteria as set within the BREEAM manual.